God’s final revelation, the Quran, has so many interesting properties. In the Quran, God describes his final revelation as a “numbered book” or “numerically composed book” (see kitabun marqoom: 83:9, 83:20)
Over the past thirteen centuries not only Muslim scholars but scholars from different backgrounds showed interest in the numerical properties of Quran and studied them.
As of today, some of the known numerical properties of Quran are the 19 code, the symmetry of antonymous word frequencies, the word frequencies pointing out to physical & scientific facts. (please see link for more information).
We learn from the following verses from Quran that God commended His messenger to challenge the people in doubt or disbelieve to “bring” texts similar to Quran chapters.
2:23 And if you are in doubt as to what We have sent down to Our servant, then bring a chapter like this, and call upon your witnesses other than God if you are truthful.
17:88 Say: “If all mankind and the Jinn were to gather to bring a Qur’an like this, they could not come with its like, even if they were helping one another.”
10:37 This Qur’an could not have been produced without God; it is to authenticate what is between his hands, and to give details of the Book in which there is no doubt, from the Lord of the worlds.
10:38 Or do they say: “He has invented it!” Say: “Then bring a chapter like it, and call on whom you can besides God if you are truthful.”
11:13 Or do they say: “He has invented it!” Say: “Then bring ten invented chapters like it, and call on whom you can besides God if you are truthful.”
52:33 Or do they say: “He made it all up”? No, they simply do not believe.
52:34 Let them produce a narrative like this, if they are truthful.
What does it really mean?
To our knowledge, the mathematical code in Quran (the 19 code) was not known until Rashad Khalifa discovered it in 1974.
Considering the time of revelation, the verses may be referring to :
- the incredible fragmented revelation of the Quran in a random fashion which was beyond human capacity
- the literary Arabic composition of Quran which was out of ordinary for the people of the time
- some other unique properties of the Quran which was known by the people of the time but is not known anymore.
While the challenge was definitely out there for the people of the time, it is clear that it was also a prophecy about the mathematical properties yet to be found by the following generations.